Learning numbers in Spanish is a key step in mastering the language. Expressing 34 in Spanish is simple and straightforward.

**The number 34 in Spanish is “treinta y cuatro.”** This combines “treinta” (thirty) with “y” (and) and “cuatro” (four).

Spanish numbers follow a logical pattern, making them easy to learn. Once you know the basics, you can build on them to express larger numbers. For example, 35 is “treinta y cinco,” and 36 is “treinta y seis.”

Understanding numbers in Spanish opens up new possibilities for communication. With Spanish speakers, you can discuss prices, tell time, and share important dates.

This skill is helpful for travel, business, and everyday conversations in Spanish-speaking countries.

### Key Takeaways

- 34 in Spanish is “treinta y cuatro”
- Spanish numbers follow a logical pattern for easy learning
- Knowing numbers in Spanish enhances communication skills

## The Spanish Numeric System

Spanish uses a logical counting system. It has unique patterns for different number ranges, and learning these patterns makes it easier to count in Spanish.

### Overview of Cardinal Numbers

Cardinal numbers in Spanish are used for counting. They follow set rules and patterns. The numbers 1-15 have unique names. After that, most numbers use a combination of existing terms.

Spanish numbers use the same Arabic numerals as English. But their pronunciation differs. Some numbers change slightly when used before nouns.

The number one (uno) changes to un before masculine nouns. It becomes una before feminine nouns.

### From Uno to Diez

The first ten numbers in Spanish are:

- uno
- dos
- tres
- cuatro
- cinco
- seis
- siete
- ocho
- nueve
- diez

These numbers are the building blocks for larger numbers. You’ll use them often in everyday Spanish.

### The Teens and the Unique ‘Veinti-‘ Series

The teens in Spanish are unique. They don’t follow a set pattern like in English.

11-15 have their names:

- once (11)
- doce (12)
- trece (13)
- catorce (14)
- quince (15)

16-19 use a different pattern:

- dieciséis (16)
- diecisiete (17)
- dieciocho (18)
- diecinueve (19)

The twenties use “veinti-” plus the ones digit. For example, veintiuno (21), veintidós (22), veintitrés (23).

### Counting in Tens

Counting by tens in Spanish is straightforward. The multiples of ten from 20 to 90 are:

- veinte (20)
- treinta (30)
- cuarenta (40)
- cincuenta (50)
- sesenta (60)
- setenta (70)
- ochenta (80)
- noventa (90)

For numbers between these, use “y” (and). For example, treinta y cuatro (34), cincuenta y ocho (58).

This pattern continues up to 99. After that, you’ll use ciento (100) to build larger numbers.

## Grammar in Spanish Numbers

Spanish numbers have some unique grammar rules. These rules affect how numbers change based on gender and their use in sentences.

### Masculine and Feminine Forms

Most Spanish numbers don’t change for gender. But a few do:

- One: uno (masculine) / una (feminine)
- Numbers 200-900: doscientos (m) / doscientas (f)

Examples:

- Un libro (one book)
- Una casa (one house)
- Doscientos hombres (200 men)
- Doscientas mujeres (200 women)

This rule helps numbers match the nouns they describe.

### Using Numbers as Nouns and Adjectives

Numbers in Spanish can be both nouns and adjectives. As nouns, they name a quantity. As adjectives, they describe nouns.

Noun use:

- “El cinco es mi número favorito.” (Five is my favorite number.)

Adjective use:

- “Tengo cinco dedos.” (I have five fingers.)

When used before nouns, some numbers change:

- Uno becomes un: “un perro” (one dog)
- Ciento becomes cien: “cien años” (100 years)

Remember these rules to use Spanish numbers correctly in different situations.

## Complex Numbers in Spanish

Spanish uses a unique system for forming numbers above 30. This system combines tens and ones to create larger numbers. Let’s explore how this works and look at the special case of “treinta y cuatro” (34).

### Forming Numbers from 30 to 100

To make numbers from 30 to 100 in Spanish, you use the word for the tens place followed by “y” (and) and the ones digit. Here are some examples:

- 31: treinta y uno
- 42: cuarenta y dos
- 55: cincuenta y cinco
- 86: ochenta y seis

This pattern stays the same for all numbers in this range. The only exception is numbers ending in 0, which don’t use “y”.

For numbers 21-29, Spanish uses special forms:

- 21: veintiuno
- 22: veintidós
- 23: veintitrés

These special forms continue up to 29 (veintinueve).

### The Special Case of ‘Treinta Y Cuatro’

“Treinta y cuatro” (34) follows the standard pattern for numbers above 30. It combines “treinta” (30) with “y” (and) and “cuatro” (4).

Here’s how it breaks down:

- Treinta = 30
- Y = and
- Cuatro = 4

So “treinta y cuatro” literally means “thirty and four”. This same pattern applies to other numbers with 4 in the ones place:

- 24: veinticuatro
- 44: cuarenta y cuatro
- 54: cincuenta y cuatro

Remember, the “y” is always used except for numbers ending in 0. This rule helps you form and understand complex numbers in Spanish easily.

## Using Numbers in Context

Numbers play a key role in everyday Spanish conversations. You’ll use them to tell time, discuss dates, and discuss prices. Let’s explore how to apply numbers in common situations.

### Numbers in Daily Life

In Spanish, you use numbers constantly. When giving your phone number, say each digit individually: “tres cuatro cinco…” for 345. For addresses, use cardinal numbers: “Vivo en el número treinta y cuatro” means “I live at number 34.”

For ages, say “Tengo treinta y cuatro años” to express “I’m 34 years old.” When discussing temperature, state “Hace treinta y cuatro grados” for “It’s 34 degrees.”

In recipes, use numbers for ingredients: “treinta y cuatro gramos de azúcar” means “34 grams of sugar.” For sports scores, say “treinta y cuatro a veinte” to convey “34 to 20.”

### Talking About Dates and Time

Dates in Spanish use cardinal numbers, except for the first of the month. Say “Es el primero de octubre” for October 1st, but “Es el dos de octubre” for October 2nd.

To tell time, use “Es la una” for 1:00, and “Son las…” for other hours. “Son las dos y treinta y cuatro” means “It’s 2:34.”

For years, say the full number: “dos mil veinticuatro” for 2024. Centuries use ordinal numbers: “el siglo veintiuno” means “the 21st century.”

### Discussing Prices and Quantities

When shopping, you’ll use numbers for prices. “Cuesta treinta y cuatro euros” means “It costs 34 euros.” For decimals, use “con”: “treinta y cuatro con cincuenta” for 34.50.

In restaurants, specify quantities: “Quiero dos cervezas” means “I want two beers.” For larger numbers, use “docena” (dozen) or “par” (pair): “una docena de huevos” for a dozen eggs.

Use kilos or grams at markets: “Medio kilo de manzanas” means “Half a kilo of apples.” Remember, some countries use comma for decimals: 34,5 is read as “treinta y cuatro coma cinco.”

## Advanced Numerical Concepts

Spanish numbers go beyond the basics. Learning more complex number concepts helps you express yourself better in many situations. Let’s look at some key areas to expand your Spanish number skills.

### Ordinal Numbers and Their Usage

Ordinal numbers show position or order. In Spanish, they end in “-o” for masculine and “-a” for feminine. Here are some common ones:

- Primero/a (first)
- Segundo/a (second)
- Tercero/a (third)
- Cuarto/a (fourth)
- Quinto/a (fifth)

You use ordinal numbers for dates, floors, and rankings. For example, “El segundo piso” means “The second floor.” Ordinals change form based on gender and number, like “las primeras casas” (the first houses).

### Understanding Fractions and Percentages

Fractions in Spanish use cardinal numbers for the top part and ordinal numbers for the bottom. For example:

- 1/2 = un medio
- 2/3 = dos tercios
- 3/4 = tres cuartos

Percentages are “por ciento” in Spanish. You say them like this:

- 25% = veinticinco por ciento
- 50% = cincuenta por ciento
- 75% = setenta y cinco por ciento

### Big Numbers: Hundreds and Beyond

Large numbers in Spanish follow patterns. Here’s how to say some big numbers:

- 200 = doscientos
- 300 = trescientos
- 900 = novecientos

For feminine nouns, use “doscientas,” “trescientas,” etc.

Numbers over 1000 use “mil.” For example:

- 1,000 = mil
- 2,000 = dos mil
- 1,000,000 = un millón

Remember, Spanish uses periods for thousands and commas for decimals, unlike English.

## Final Thoughts

Learning to say “34” in Spanish is valuable in your language journey. You now know that “treinta y cuatro” is the correct way to express this number.

This knowledge can help you in many situations. You might use it while shopping, telling time, or discussing dates. It’s a building block for more complex number-related conversations.

Remember to practice saying “treinta y cuatro” out loud. This will help you get comfortable with the pronunciation. You can also try using it in simple sentences to reinforce your learning.

As you continue studying Spanish, numbers will become easier. Soon, you’ll be able to count and use numbers without hesitation. Keep practicing and don’t fear using your new skills in real-life situations.

With “treinta y cuatro” in your vocabulary, you’re one step closer to Spanish fluency. Keep up the good work!

## Frequently Asked Questions

Spanish numbers can be tricky at first. Let’s look at some common questions about counting in Spanish, focusing on the thirties and nearby numbers.

### How is the number immediately following 33 pronounced in Spanish?

The number after 33 in Spanish is “treinta y cuatro.” It combines “treinta” (thirty) with “y” (and) and “cuatro” (four).

### What is the translation for the number 35 in the Spanish language?

In Spanish, 35 is “treinta y cinco.” This follows the pattern of thirty (treinta) plus five (cinco).

### How do you express the digits 30 and 40 in Spanish terms?

The Spanish word for 30 is “treinta.” For 40, you say “cuarenta.” These are base numbers used to form other numbers in their respective tens.

### What is the correct pronunciation for the number 36 in Spanish?

36 in Spanish is “treinta y seis.” You say the word for thirty, add “y” (and), then the word for six.

### How can numbers in the twenties and thirties be articulated in Spanish?

For twenties, start with “veinte.” For thirties, use “treinta.” Add “y” and the single digit for numbers 21-29 and 31-39. For example, 25 is “veinticinco.”

### Can you list the Spanish equivalents for the first ten cardinal numbers?

Here are the first ten numbers in Spanish:

- Uno
- Dos
- Tres
- Cuatro
- Cinco
- Seis
- Siete
- Ocho
- Nueve
- Diez

These basic numbers are key to learning larger Spanish numbers.

Source: **Spanish Ministry of Education**